What is Altitude Training?
Altitude Training means breathing hypoxic air, commonly known as altitude air, as exercising or just staying on high altitude. Breathing the air with a low oxygen content can results in an improvements in sport performance, strengthens health, losing extra weight and acclimatises to high mountains.
In the past the Altitude Training has been carried out only on higher altitude locations in sport facilities like: Font Romeu, Sierra Nevada , St. Moritz, and similar places on altitude around 2.000 – 2.500 m . With a help of modern altitude technology the altitude preparation can be carried out almost everywhere where users desires.
Today altitude training is available at any time throughout the year. The altitude system removes extra oxygen from room air or ambient air and supplies such hypoxic air into any customer’s place: tent, chamber, room, swiming pool, equine stable, sport hall or even mobile facilities (buses, vans, trailers,…). The sea-level air contains cca 20.94% of oxygen. Medisport Altitude Training Technology can achieves an altitude up to 8000 m or even higher, which allows us to create optimal conditions for specific types of training or therapy.
Exposure to hypoxic air, through the altitude training system, stimulates a series of physiological adaptation in the human body. The resulting adaptations increase the effectiveness and strengthen the functioning of the respiratory and cardiovascular system and increase the transmission and use of oxygen in the body. Altitude Training Technology is a natural key who opens the door to healthier, younger and stronger body.
What are the benefits of Altitude Training?
At altitude, where is less oxygen, the body strives to create enough energy for its operation. Eventually the body adapts to the hypoxic environment by improving lung function and oxygen utilization, improving blood oxygen transmission and its more efficient consumption in the cells.
PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS ON THE BODY
Increased efficiency and number of mitochondria (cellular organel, where aerobic breathing takes place while energy is released).
Increased production of hormone erythropoietin (EPO) which increases the volume of red blood cells in the blood and strengthens the brain’s function.
Increased circulation and capillarisation of tissue and enhanced oxygen transfer and other nutrients to the muscles.
Reduction in resting heart rate.
Reduction in lactate in the blood at workout.
Increased growth hormone production.
Strengthens processes that are responsible for burning fat reserves.
Lowering blood pressure.
The benefits of these physiological effects are
- Reduced muscle inflammation after intense training
- Increased loss of body weight
- Increased V02max (maximum oxygen consumption)
- Extending exercise time to exhaustion.
- Shorter time for recovery after sport performance
- Shorter training for the same effect – result
- Maintaining physical fitness in case of injury
- Reduction in body fat
Altitude training methods
Altitude Sleeping has become an important part of training for many top athletes. Science and medicine confirm that sleeping at altitude significantly improves sport performance. When sleeping at altitude, adaptation of the body takes place mostly at the level of the cardiovascular system. When the body detects lack of oxygen, it triggers a signal to the kidneys to increase the production of erythropoietin hormone (EPO). The EPO stimulates increased production of red blood cells and improves blood oxygen transmission. The altitude environment triggers the formation of new capillaries, improves the transmission of oxygen to the body tissues, muscles and the brain. Of particular importance is that sleep at altitude increases the formation of mitochondria and mitochondrial enzymes within the cells, and allows them to use oxygen in energy production, more efficiently.
Studies prove that sleeping in an altitude tent is even better than staying in the mountains. The altitude air, air with less oxygen, prevent athletes to train with full power. In order to achieve optimum physiological effects, they are forced to reduce the intensity of the training. When sleeping in an altitude tent and living in the lowlands, the athletes can take advantage of the positive qualities of both worlds. By staying in the lowland and sleeping in a tent, the training method: SLEEP HIGH-TRAIN LOW can become truly accessible.
Recent research has shown that exercise at altitude, along with Altitude Sleeping, gives BETTER RESULTS. For a top sport performance it is recommended that in addition to train at sea-level and sleep at altitude, there should be an exercise at altitude. Trening at the sea-level should be high intensity while altitude exercise should be low intensity. MORE
Altitude Exercise – Altitude Mask Training
Do you want to shift in a “higher gear”?
Do you have a dream to win this particular race?
Are you struggling with some extra kilograms?
If the answer is yes than the solution is to add some attitude and of course some altitude to your usual training!
The benefits of exercise at altitude in addition to those described at altitude sleeping, also work on the cellular level. Moderate exercise at altitude reduces saturation (percentage of oxygen in the blood) from the usual 98% to 83-85%, which causes deep hypoxia in the muscles and thus stimulates an adaptation in the mitochondria, which does not happen with normal training, because saturation rarely falls under 93%. This can be achieved by adding 30 minutes of altitude training, 2-3 times a week in addition to regular training.
For the optimal result, it is not necessary that the altitude training is intense, which speaks in favor of rehabilitation after injury, when the athlete can not train with high intensity. With shorter and less intensive training, athlete can stays in shape.
Exercise at altitude provides additional benefits not only for athlets but also for aware individuals who are looking for real and effective solutions to enhance their health. Try to include altitude exercise in your life or training schedule and you will notice a marked improvement. MORE
Altitude Wellness or IHT – Intermittent Hypoxic Training
Intermittent Altitude Training (IHT) is a breathing technique in which hypoxic and room air are exchanged in certain interval while breathing through the mask in comfortable sitting position or even lying down. Usually the intervals are exchanged for 5 minutes and session last for 60 minutes. The altitude air contains 9-15% of oxygen, which shows altitude up to 6,400 m. The rhythmic fall of saturation (the value of oxygen in the blood) triggers countless physiological adaptations in the body.
It has been proven that the adaptation caused by staying at altitude improves health. Research has shown that people who live at altitude significantly reduced the chance of suffering from modern civilization diseases. The highest age on Earth is usually reached by inhabitants of the highlands. Unfortunately, most people do not have the possibility of living in the mountains but with the help of the altitude system and using IHT-Intermittent Hypoxic Training, one of the altitude training metod, the benefits of altitude are also available to the inhabitants in lowlands and lands by the sea.
IHT, like other methods of altitude training, affects the body: increases capillarisation and thus the blood circulation of the muscles and tissues and improves the transmission and use of oxygen. In blood level of EPO and hemoglobin increased which allows the transfer of a large amount of oxygen to the cells. The effectiveness of mitochondria is greatly increased, which helps to reduce the harmful oxidative stress who is responsible for many degenerative diseases like cancer and aging.
The enhanced functioning of the body under the influence of IHT has proven to be very effective in the treatment of diabetes, many chronic illnesses, sleep disorders, allergies, asthma … IHT can be performed in a completely relaxed state and can be used also for injured athletes or patients. MORE